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发布时刻:2017-04-20 13:04:17    来历:     阅览 ( )


Section I Use of English

  Read the following text. Choose the best word(s) for each numbered blank and mark A,B,C or D on the ANSWER SHEET. (10 points)
  In Cambodia, the choice of a spouse is a complex one for the young male. It may involve not only his parents and his friends,  __1 __ those of the young woman, but also a matchmaker. A young man can __2__a likely spouse on his own and then ask his parents to __3 __ the marriage negotiations, or the young man’s parents may make the choice of a spouse, giving the child little to say in the selection.__4__  , a girl may veto the spouse her parents have chosen. __5 __ a spouse has been selected, each family investigates the other to make sure its child is marrying    __6__ a good family.
  The traditional wedding is a long and colorful affair. Formerly it lasted three days, __7__ by the 1980s it more commonly lasted a day and a half. Buddhist priests offer a short sermon and __8__    prayers of blessing. Parts of the ceremony involve ritual hair cutting, __9__cotton threads soaked in holy water around the bride’s and groom’s wrists, and __10__ a candle around a circle of happily married and respected couples to bless the __11__ . Newlyseds traditionally move in with the wife’s parents and may __12__ with them up to a year, __13__they can build a new house nearby.
  Divorce is legal and easy to __14__  ,but not common. Divoreced persons are __15__with some disapproval. Each spouse retains __16__ property he or she __17__ into the marriage, and jointly-acquired property is __18__ equally. Divorced persons may remarry, but a gender prejudice __19__ up: The divorced male doesn’t have a waiting period before he can remarry  __20__ the woman must wait ten months.

  1.  [A] by way of     [B] on behalf of    [C] as well as     [D] with regard to

     [规范答案] [C] as well as
  [考点剖析] 逻辑联络
  [选项剖析] 由于调查逻辑联络,所以需求咱们先对填空前后的原文信息做定位剖析:空格处身处大环境not only…but also之中,这是一个显着的并排联络,标明“不只……并且……”,该空后边的those指代前文呈现的“parents and friends”,显着“the young man”与“the young woman”为并排联络,标明“与他自己以及伴侣的爸爸妈妈朋友相关”,所以答案只能是[C]项as well as 也,又。[A]项by way of 经过,[D]项with regard to 关于,[B]项on behalf of 代表。

  2.  [A] adapt to        [B] provide for     [C] compete with   [D] decide on

  [规范答案] [D] decide on
  [考点剖析] 上下文语义
  [选项剖析] 依据该句的主语a young man与宾语a likely spouse的联络,答案只能是[D]项decide on“决议”,标明自己决议自己的爱人。[B]项provide for为……供给预备……,provide为及物动词,直接跟宾语,不需求加介词;[C]项compete with“与……竞赛”,[A]项adapt to“适用”。

  3.  [A] close         [B] remew           [C] arrange        [D] postpone

  [规范答案] [C] arrange
  [考点剖析] 上下文语义及动词剖析
  [选项剖析] 该句意思为:他能够自己挑选自己中意的伴侣并让爸爸妈妈_____婚姻商洽。四个选项中,[A]项close 封闭;[B]项renew 更新,康复;[D]项postpone 推延;这三项语义不正确,只需[C]项arrange“安排”契合语境。

  4.  [A] Above all     [B] In theory       [C] In time        [D] For example

  [规范答案] [B] In theory
  [考点剖析] 上下文语义
  [选项剖析] 逻辑判断题首要是看前后两句的意义,前面说“他能够自己挑选自己中意的伴侣并让爸爸妈妈安排婚姻商洽,或许彻底由爸爸妈妈挑选方针,不给孩子挑选的机遇。”空格后边说“女方能够否决她爸爸妈妈所挑选的方针。”这两句之间显着是相反的联络,且有一个may,更证明[B]项In theory“理论上说”的正确性,而其他选项[A]项Above all最重要的是,[C]项In time 按时,[D]项For example举例,均不契合题意。

  5.  [A] Although      [B] Lest            [C] After          [D] Unless

  [规范答案] [C] After
  [考点剖析] 上下文语义
  [选项剖析] 依据下文“______a spouse has been selected, each family investigates the other…”可知,只需方针挑选好后,爸爸妈妈才会去查询对方,显着表达的是时刻先后次序,所以只需after才对。其他选项[A]项Although 虽然, [B]项Lest 避免,只怕,[D]Unless 除非,不然都不契合题意。

  6.  [A] into          [B] within          [C] from           [D] through

  [规范答案] [A] into
  [考点剖析] 上下文语义及介词剖析
  [选项剖析] 这儿首要是看marry与相关介词的固定调配及句意了解。这儿marry into便是指“经过婚姻得到[成为]……的一员”,而其他选项均没有这层意义。

  7.  [A] since         [B] or            [C] but            [D] so

  [规范答案] [C] but
  [考点剖析] 逻辑联络
  [选项剖析] 依据上文“曾经婚礼会持续三天”,出处语句意为“到了20世纪80年代,婚礼只持续一天半”,显着与前文发作改动,为比照联络,因而挑选[C]项but 可是。

  8.  [A] copy          [B] test            [C] recite         [D] create

  [规范答案] [C] recite
  [考点剖析] 上下文语义及动词剖析
  [选项剖析] 空格处需求填一个动词,和后边的prayers of blessing所调配,[C]项recite 有“诵读、朗读”的意思,与所给短语调配最为合理,译为“诵读祝愿的祈祷文”。

  9.  [A] folding       [B] piling          [C] wrapping       [D] tying

  [规范答案] [D] tying
  [考点剖析] 上下文语义及动词剖析
  [选项剖析] 本题需求依据上下文语义剖析,空格处需求调配后文“棉线”,纵观四个选项[A]项 折叠,[B]项 堆积,[C]项 包裹,[D]项 系上,依据后文的“around the bride’s and groom’s wrists      在新郎和新娘的腰间”,只需[D]项“将在圣水中浸过的棉线系在新郎和新娘的腰间”契合句意。

  10. [A] passing       [B] lighting        [C] hiding         [D] serving

  [规范答案] [A] passing
  [考点剖析] 上下文语义及动词剖析
  [选项剖析] 原文空格需求填写一个动词与后文“around a circle”来调配,译为“将蜡烛传一圈”,故[A]项“传递”为正确选项。[B]项 点亮,[C]项 躲藏,[D]项 服务。

  11. [A] meeting       [B] collection      [C] association    [D] union

  [规范答案] [D] union
  [考点剖析] 名词剖析
  [选项剖析] 本句语义为“将蜡烛绕着美好完婚和受人敬重的夫妻传递一圈来祝愿     ”,[D]项 结合,引申为“婚姻”之意;依据语境,[D]项正确。

  12. [A] grow          [B] part            [C] deal           [D] live

  [规范答案] [D] live
  [考点剖析] 上下文语义及动词剖析
  [选项剖析] 本题比较简单。依据语义“依据传统,新婚配偶要搬到妻子爸爸妈妈家,与爸爸妈妈____一年”,[D]项“日子”为最佳答案。[C]项 买卖,[B]项 分隔,[A]项 生长。

  13. [A] whereas       [B] until           [C] if             [D] for

  [规范答案] [B] until
  [考点剖析] 时刻逻辑联络
  [选项剖析] 本句意为“_____他们在邻近制造一栋新房子”,[A]项 可是,[B]项 直到,[D]项由于,[C]项 假如,结合前文“新婚配偶依据传统要和女方家人日子一年”,前后存在必定的时刻联络,[B]项“直到”最契合原文语境,调配最为合理。

  14. [A] avoid        [B] follow          [C] challenge      [D] obtain

  [规范答案] [D] obtain
  [考点剖析] 上下文语义及动词剖析
  [选项剖析] Divorce is legal and relatively easy to __14__, but not common. 该句句意为“离婚是合法的,且相对简单____。”[A]项avoid避免,[B]项follow跟从,[C]项challenge应战,质疑,[D]项obtain取得,完成。依据关键词“legal”可知这儿表达的是正面的意思,再依据句意挑选[D]项。

  15. [A] isolated      [B] persuaded       [C] viewed         [D] exposed

  [规范答案] [C] viewed
  [考点剖析] 上下文语义及动词剖析
  [选项剖析] Divorced persons are __15__ with some disapproval. 离婚的人 一些不认可。本段榜首句说到“离婚是合法的且相对简单得到同意,可是不常见。”这句其实是在阐明离婚并不常见的原因,[A]项isolated孤立,[B]项persuaded劝说,[C]项viewed看待,[D]项exposed触摸,遭到……的影响,[C]项最契合句意。

  16. [A] whereever       [B] whatever        [C] whenever       [D] however

  [规范答案] [B] whatever
  [考点剖析] 联络代词剖析
  [选项剖析] Each spouse retains ___16___ property he or she __17__ into the marriage. 17小题四个选项都是动词,所以该句意思为:配偶两边保有产业,这个产业是他或她进婚姻的。结合[A]项 whereever“不管何地;任何(当地)=any place where(定从)”;[B]项 whatever“不管什么;任何(东西)=anything that/any+N that”;[C]项 whenever不管何时;任何时刻=any time when;[D]项 however不管怎么;不管多么。依据语义,这儿应该不是退让的联络,并且填的这个词还要能润饰property。因而,挑选[B]项,等于retains any property that he or she……。

  17. [A] changed       [B] brought         [C] shaped         [D] pushed

  [规范答案] [B] brought
  [考点剖析] 上下文语义及动词义剖析
  [选项剖析] Each spouse retains ___16___ property he or she __17__ into the marriage,结合[A]项 changed“改动”,[B]项 brought “带来”,[C]项 shaped“构成”,[D]项 pushed“推,强逼”。结合语境只需[B]项契合句意,意为“把产业带入婚姻”。

  18. [A] invested      [B] divided      [C] donated        [D] withdrawn

  [规范答案] [B] divided
  [考点剖析] 上下文语义及动词义剖析
  [选项剖析] ...and jointly-acquired property is __18__ equally. 结合[A]项invested出资;[B]项divided分配;分隔;[C]项donated 捐献;[D]项withdrawn撤出,提取。依据语义应该是共同产业被(夫妻两边)平分,因而挑选[B]项。

  19. [A] warms        [B] clears          [C] shows          [D] breaks

  [规范答案] [C] shows
  [考点剖析] 动词固定调配
  [选项剖析] Divorced persons may remarry, but a gender prejudice __19__up. 该句语义为离过婚的人或许会再婚,可是性别成见     。[A]项warm up加热,热身;[B]项clear up(气候)变晴,拾掇,消除;[C]项show up闪现;[D]项break up割裂,分隔;依据句意,挑选[C]项。

  20. [A] while       [B] so that           [C] once           [D] in that

  [规范答案] [A] while
  [选项剖析] 上下文语义
  [考点剖析] 本句句意为:离婚的男性再婚不需求等候期,女人有必要等十个月。显着前后两句存在转机联络,只需[A]项while“可是”能够表达这个意思。

  Section Ⅱ Reading Comprehension

  Part A

  Text 1
  France, which prides itself as the global innovator of fashion, has decided its fashion industry has lost an absolute right to define physical beauty for women. Its lawmakers gave preliminary approval last week to a law that would make it a crime to employ ultra-thin models on runways.
  The parliament also agreed to ban websites that “incite excessive thinness” by promoting extreme dieting.
  Such measures have a couple of uplifting motives. They suggest beauty should not be defined by looks that end up impinging on health. That’s a start. And the ban on ultra-thin models seems to go beyond protecting models from starving themselves to death - as some have done. It tells the fashion industry that it must take responsibility for the signal it sends women, especially teenage girls, about the social tape-measure they must use to determine their individual worth.
  The bans, if fully enforced, would suggest to women (and many men) that they should not let others be arbiters of their beauty. And perhaps faintly, they hint that people should look to intangible qualities like character and intellect rather than dieting their way to size zero or wasp-waist physiques.
  The French measures, however, rely too much on severe punishment to change a culture that still regards beauty as skin-deep — and bone-showing. Under the law, using a fashion model that does not meet a government-defined index of body mass could result in a $85,000 fine and six months in prison.
  The fashion industry knows it has an inherent problem in focusing on material adornment and idealized body types. In Denmark, the United States, and a few other countries, it is trying to set voluntary standards for models and fashion images that rely more on peer pressure for enforcement.
  In contrast to France’s actions, Denmark’s fashion industry agreed last month on rules and sanctions regarding the age, health, and other characteristics of models. The newly revised Danish Fashion Ethical Charter clearly states: “We are aware of and take responsibility for the impact the fashion industry has on body ideals, especially on young people.’ The charter’s main tool of enforcement is to deny access for designers and modeling agencies to Copenhagen Fashion Week, which is run by the Danish Fashion Institute. But in general it relies on a name-and-shame method of compliance.
  Relying on ethical persuasion rather than law to address the misuse of body ideals may be the best step. Even better would be to help elevate notions of beauty beyond the material standards of a particular industry.

  21. According to the first paragraph, what would happen in France?
  [A] Physical beauty would be redefined.
  [B] New runways would be constructed.
  [C] Websites about dieting would thrive.
  [D] The fashion industry would decline.

  【答案】 [A] Physical beauty would be redefined
  【解析】 揣度题。依据France定位到文章前两段,榜首段讲法国决议时装业失掉了界说(define)形体美(physical beauty)的肯定权利。法国的立法者经过了一项法令,招聘超瘦的模特归于违法,议会也制止网站经过推重极点节食“煽动过度衰弱”。第二段第二句说到“They suggest beauty should not be defined by looks that end up impinging on health. That’s a start. 他们主张美丽不应该以损伤身体健康为价值的表面来界定。”由此可知,法国经过立法手法来改动法国时装业模特超瘦的现状,即[A]项的“形体美将会被从头界说”,是对原文内容的合理揣度。[B]项“将会制造新的舞台”,[C]项“有关节食的网站将会鼓起”,[D]项“时装业将会阑珊”,均不能从文中估测出来,归于“惹是生非”。

  22. The phrase “impinging on” (Line 2, Para 2) is closest in meaning to____
  [A] heightening the value of.
  [B] indicating the state of.
  [C] losing faith in.
  [D] doing harm to.

  【答案】 [D] doing harm to
  【解析】猜词题。定位到第二段第二句“They suggest beauty should not be defined by looks that end up impinging on health. 他们主张美丽不应该以     身体健康为价值的表面来界定。”impinging on后边的宾语为“health”,即对健康的某种影响。依据第二段第三句“对超瘦模特的禁令好像不只仅是在避免模特挨饿致死——正如曾有人这么做过的”,可见法国现在的对美丽的界说导致了有人为了保持身材,挨饿致死,因而估测出这一短语在这儿的意思为“侵略,损伤”,[D]项“对……有害”正确。[A]项“增强了……的价值”,[B]项“反映了……的状况”,[C]项“对……失掉决心”均不契合句意。

  23. Which of the following is true of the fashion industry?
  [A] The French measures have already failed.
  [B] New standards are being set in Denmark.
  [C] Model are no longer under peer pressure.
  [D] Its inherent problems are getting worse.

  【答案】 [B] New Standards are being set in Denmark
  【解析】细节题。依据第五段第二句话“In Denmark,...it is trying to set voluntary standards for models and fashion... 在丹麦,它正测验为模特设定自愿的规范……”,可知[B]项“在丹麦新的规范正在被设定”是对原文的同义替换。[A]项“法国的办法失利了”;[C]项“不再有来自同行法律的压力”,文章第五段第二句后半句说到“images that rely more on peer pressure for enforcement”,归于“正反混杂”;[D]项“它固有的问题变得更严峻了”,文中第五段只提及时装业有固有的问题,并未提及“变得更严峻”,归于“惹是生非”。

  24. A designer is most likely to be rejected by CFW for ____
  [A] setting a high age threshold for models.
  [B] caring too much about models’ character.
  [C] showing little concern for health factors.
  [D] pursuing perfect physical conditions.

  【答案】 [C] showing little concern for health factors

  25. Which of the following may be the best title of the text?
  [A] The Great Threats to the Fashion Industry
  [B] Just Another Round of Struggle for Beauty
  [C] A Dilemma for the Starving Models in France
  [D] A Challenge to the Fashion Industry’s Body Ideals

  【答案】 [D] A challenge to the Fashion Industry’s Body Ideals

  Text 2
  For the first time in history, more people live in towns than in the county. In Britain this has had a curious result. While polls show Britons rate “the countryside” alongside the royal firmly, Shakespeare and the National Health Service (NHS) as what makes them proudest of their country, this has limited political support.
  A century ago Octavia Hill launched the National Trust not to rescue stylish houses but to save “the beauty of natural places for everyone forever.” It was specifically to provide city dwellers with spaces for leisure where they could experience “a refreshing air.” Hill’s pressure later led to the creation of national parks and green belts. They don’t make countryside any more, and every year concrete consumes more of it. It needs constant guardianship.
  At the next election none of the big parties seem likely to endorse this sentiment. The conservatives’ planning reform explicitly gives rural development priori over conservation, even authorizing “off-plan” building where local people might object. The concept of sustainable development has been defined as profitable. Labour likewise wants to discontinue local planning where councils oppose development. The Liberal Democrats are silent. Only Ukip, sensing its chance, has sided with those pleading for a more considered approach to using green land. Its Campaign to Protect Rural England struck terror into many local Conservative parties.
  The sensible place to build new houses, factories and offices is where people are.in cities and towns where infrastructure is in place. The London agents Stirling Ackroyd recently identified enough sites for half a million houses in the London area alone, no intrusion on green belt. What is true of London is even truer of the provinces.
  The idea that “housing crisis” equals “concreted meadows” is pure lobby talk. The issue is not the need for more house but, as always, where to put them. Under lobby pressure, George Osborne favours rural new-build against urban renovation and renewal. He favours out-of-town shopping sites against. high streets. This is not a free market but a biased one. Rural towns and villages have growl and will always grow. They do so best where building sticks to their edges and respects their character. We do not ruin urban conservation areas. Why ruin rural ones?
  Development should be planned .not let rip. After the Netherlands, Britain is Europe’s most crowded country. Half a century of town and country planning has enabled it to retain an enviable rural coherence, while still permitting low-density urban living. there is no doubt of the alternative - the corrupted landscapes of southern Portugal Spain or Ireland avoiding this rather than promoting it should unite left and right of the political spectrum.

  26. Britain’s public sentiment about the countryside
  [A] didn’t start till the Shakespearean age.
  [B] has brought much benefit to the NHS.
  [C] is fully backed by the royal family.
  [D] is not well reflected in politics.

  【答案】 [D] is not well reflected in politics
  【解析】细节题。依据题干回到原文准承认位到首段最终一句:“可是民意查询显现英国人把村庄与皇室宗族、莎士比亚和国家医疗服务体系一同视为使他们为自己国家感到最骄傲的事物,这具有有限的政治支撑”,该句中的polls“民意查询“对应题干中的public sentiment,“this has limited political support”对应[D]项“is not well reflected in politics”,意为“在政治上没有得到很好的反应”,是对原文的同义替换。[B]项“给国家医疗服务体系带了了许多优点”,[A]项“直到莎士比亚时期才开端”,[C]项“得到了皇室宗族的全力支撑”,文章均未提及,归于“惹是生非”。

  27. According to Paragraph 2, the achievements of the National Trust are now being
  [A] gradually destroyed.
  [B] effectively reinforced..
  [C] properly protected.
  [D] largely overshadowed.

  【答案】 [D] largely overshadowed
  【解析】细节题。依据题干中的the National Trust定位到第二段首句。第二段首句说到这一项意图意图是为每个人永久保存天然区域的美丽。再依据第二段的第三句“Hill的项目创造出国家公园和绿洲。他们不再制造村庄了,并且每年钢筋混凝土耗费的村庄越来越多。村庄需求耐久的维护”。可知其时的项目取得的成果现已不再发挥影响,[D]项“被大大夺去了光辉(即失掉了影响力)”为正确选项。[A]项“被逐渐损坏”,[B]项“被有用地加强了”,[C]项“被合理地维护”,均不契合题意。

  28. Which of the following can be inferred from paragraph 3?
  [A] Labour is under attack for opposing development
  [B] The Conservatives may abandon “off-plan” building.
  [C] The Liberal Democrats are losing political influence.
  [D] Ukip may gain from its support for rural conservation.

  【答案】 [D] Ukip may gain from its support for rural conservation

  29. The author holds that George Osborne’s preference
  [A] reveals a strong prejudice against urban areas.
  [B] shows his disregard for the character of rural areas.
  [C] stresses the necessity of easing the housing crisis.
  [D] highlights his firm stand i against lobby Pressure.

  【答案】[B] shows his disregard for the character of rural areas
  【解析】 细节题。依据关键词George Osborne定位至第五段,第五段第二句说到Osborne支撑村庄新建住所对立城市改造和重建,支撑市郊购物场所对立城市商业街。由此可知Osborne的是支撑城市维护,对立村庄维护。接下来几句作者表达了自己的观念:这不是一个自在的商场而是一个有成见的商场。接着说到:村庄的小镇和村庄现已得到开展并将持续开展,它们在修建坚持界限和尊重它们的特征方面做的十分好,咱们没有损坏城市受维护的区域,为什么要损坏村庄的呢?可见Osborne的观念只着重城市,忽视了村庄,[B]项“标明他对村庄区域特征的忽视”契合辞意,为正确选项。[A]项“提示出对城市区域的激烈成见”,Osborne注重城市对立村庄,与辞意相悖;[C]项“着重了缓解住宅压力的必要性”,[D]项“突出了他对立游说团压力的坚决情绪”,文中并未提及,归于“惹是生非”。

  30. In the last paragraph, the author shows his appreciation of
  [A] the size of population in Britain.
  [B] the enviable urban lifestyle in Britain.
  [C] the town-and-country planning in Britain.
  [D]the political life in today’s Britain.

  【答案】 [C] the town-and-country planning in Britain
  【解析】 细节题。依据题干定位到最终一段第二句:“Half a century of town and country planning has enabled it to retain an enviable rural coherence, while still permitting low-density urban living.”,[C]项的“the town-and-country planning in Britain”是对原文的同义替换,为正确选项。[A]项“英国人口的规划”,[B]项“英国令人羡慕的都市日子办法”,[D]项“当今英国的政治日子”,均不契合题意。

  Text 3
  “There is one and only one social responsibility of businesses,” wrote Milton Friedman, a Nobel prize-winning economist, “That is, to use its resources and engage in activities designed to increase its profits.” But even if you accept Firedman’s premise and regard corporate social responsibility (CSR) policies as a waste of shareholders’ money, things may not be absolutely clear-cut. New research suggests that CSR may create monetary value for companies-at least when they are prosecuted for corruption.
  The largest firms in America and Britain together spend more than $ 15 billion a year on CSR, according to an estimate by EPG, a consulting firm. This could add value to their businesses in three ways. First, consumers may take CSR spending as a “signal” that a company’s products are of high quality. Second, customers may be willing to buy a company’s products as an indirect way to donate to the good causes it helps. And third, through a more diffuse “halo effect,” whereby its good deeds earn it greater consideration from consumers and others.
  Previous studies on CSR have had trouble differentiating these effects because consumers can be affected by all three. A recent study attempts to separate them by looking at bribery prosecutions under America’s Foreign Corrupt Practices Act (FCPA). It argues that since prosecutors do not consume a company’s products as part of their investigations, they could be influenced only by the halo effect.
  The study found that, among prosecuted firms, those with the most comprehensive CSR programmes tended to get more lenient penalties. Their analysis ruled out the possibility that it was firms’ political influence, rather than their CSR stand, that accounted for the leniency: Companies that contributed more to political campaigns did not receive lower fines.
  In all, the study concludes that whereas prosecutors should only evaluate a case based on its merits, they do seem to be influenced by a company’s record in CSR. “We estimate that either eliminating a substantial labour-rights concern, such as child labour or increasing corpora giving by about 20% results in fines that generally are 40% lower than the typical punishment for briding foreign officials,” says one researcher.
  Researchers admit that their study does not answer the question of how much businesses ought to spend on CSR. Nor does it reveal how much companies are banking on the halo effect rather than the other possible benefits, when they decide their do-gooding policies. But at least they have demonstrated that when companies get into trouble with the law, evidence of good character can win them a less costly punishment.

  31. The author views Milton Friedman’s statement about CSR with
  [A] tolerance
  [B] skepticism
  [C] uncertainty
  [D] approval

  【解析】观念情绪题。题干问的是作者对有关CSR方面Milton Friedman的说法是什么情绪。依据信号词Milton Friedman这个人定位到首段。留意题干问的是作者的观点,因而定位到第二句but转机处。But后语句的骨干为:things may not be absolutely clear-cut,可见作者对Milton Friedman所说的内容并不彻底附和,故挑选答案[B]项置疑。[A]项忍受,[C]项不承认,[D]项附和,这三项均不是作者的情绪,故扫除。

  32. According to Paragraph 2, CSR helps a company by
  [A] winning trust from consumers.
  [B] guarding it against malpractices.
  [C] protecting it from being defamed.
  [D] raising the quality of its products.

  【解析】细节题。依据题干中的出处提示“Paragraph 2”定位到第二段第二句:This could add value to their businesses in three ways. This指的是CSR,依据接下来讲到的三点:榜首点是,顾客以为这样的公司产品质量比较高;第二点是,顾客更乐意购买这样公司的产品;第三点是,经过一个更为广泛的“晕轮效应”,顾客会更多地考虑这样的公司的产品。可知,有CSR开销的公司会招引更多的顾客,[A]项“赢得顾客的信赖”,是对整个三点的总结,故为正确答案。[B]项 避免公司里的玩忽职守,[C]项 维护公司免受诬蔑,[D]项 进步公司产品的质量,均在原文中未提及,故扫除。

  33. The expression “more lenient’ (Line 2, Para. 4) is closest in meaning to
  [A] more effective
  [B] less controversial
  [C] less severe
  [D] more lasting

  【解析】猜词题。依据题干中的出处提示“line 2, para. 4”及信号词“more lenient”定位到原文中的第四段榜首句:The study found that...penalties。显着此句中more lenient 润饰 penalties(赏罚) ,要想估测出more lenient的意义,需求知道被申述的公司中,那些有着全面的CSR项意图公司和penalties 之间的联络。本项在第五段的最终一句最简单被看出来,第五段最终一句说到那些在CSR有较大出资的公司,当被申述有贿赂行为时,所遭到的罚金要比一般的罚金低40%左右,可知这样的公司会遭到较轻的赏罚,故more lenient是较轻,即较不严峻的意思,故选[C]项。[A]项 更有用的,[B]项 较少有争议的,[D]项 更耐久的,这三项均不是more lenient的意思,故扫除。

  34. When prosecutors evaluate a case, a company’s CSR record
  [A] has an impact on their decision.
  [B] comes across as reliable evidence.
  [C] increases the chance of being penalized.
  [D] constitutes part of the investigation.

  【解析】细节题。题干问的是 CSR record 与 prosecutors evaluate a case 的联络,依据题干中的信号词prosecutors evaluate a case可回文中定位到第五段榜首句:In all...in CSR。这儿的be influenced与[A]项 has an impact 对应,即一个公司的CSR会影响检察官对其案子的评价,故选[A]项。[B]项被检察官以为是牢靠的依据,[C]项 添加了被赏罚的机遇,[D]项 构成了查询的一部分,这三项均在原文中没有提及,故扫除。

  35. Which of the following is true of CSR, according to the last paragraph?
  [A] Its negative effects on businesses are often overlooked.
  [B] The necessary amount of companies’ spending on it is unknown.
  [C] Companies’ financial capacity for it has been overestimated.
  [D] It has brought much benefit to the banking industry.

  【解析】判断题题干问的是依据最终一段,有关CSR的论说哪个是对的。定位到原文最终一段,依据其内容可知“研讨人员承认到其研讨没有答复如下问题:公司应该在CSR方面花费多少钱”。[B]项的意思是“公司在CSR方面的花费是不知道的”,归于原文的同义替换,故正确。[A]项 CSR对公司的负面影响常常被忽视,[C]项 公司对CSR的经济承当力被过高估计了,[D]项 CSR给银行业带来了许多优点,这三项在文中均为提及,故扫除。

  Text  4
  There will eventually come a day when The New York Times ceases to publish stories on newsprint. Exactly when that day will be is a matter of debate. “Sometime in the future,” the paper’s publisher said back in 2010.
  Nostalgia for ink on paper and the rustle of pages aside, there’s plenty of incentive to ditch print. The infrastructure required to make a physical newspaper-printing presses, delivery trucks — isn’t just expensive; it’s excessive at a time when online-only competitors don’t have the same set of financial constraints. Readers are migrating away from print anyway. And though print and sales still dwarf their online and mobile counterparts, revenue from print is still declining.
  Overhead may be high and circulation lower, but risking to eliminate its print edition would be a mistake, says BuzzFeed CEO Jonah Pere.
  Peretti says the Times shouldn’t waste time getting out of the print business, but only if they go about do, it the right way. “Figuring out a way to accelerate that transition would make sense for them,” he said, “but if you discontinue it, you’re going to have your most loyal customers really upset with you.”
  Sometimes that’s worth making a change anyway. Peretti gives the example of Netflix discontinuing its DVD-mailing service to focus on streaming. “It was seen as a blunder,” he said. The move turned out to be foresighted. And if Peretti were in charge at the Times? “I wouldn’t pick a year to end print,” he said. “I would raise prices and make it into more of a legacy product.”
  The most loyal customers would still get the product they favor, the idea goes, and they’d feel like they were helping sustain the quality of something they believe in. “So if you are overpaying for print, you could feel like you were helping,” Peretti said, “Then increase it at a higher rate each year and essentially try to generate additional revenue.” In other words, if you’re going to make a print product, make it for the people who are already obsessed with it, Which may be what the Times is doing already. Getting the print edition seven days a week costs nearly $500 a year — more than twice as much as a digital-only subscription.
  “It’s a really hard thing to do and it’s a tremendous luxury that BuzzFeed doesn’t have a legacy business,” Peretti remarked. “But we’re going to have questions like that where we have things we’re doing that don’t make sense when the market changes and the world changes. In those situations, it’s better to be more aggressive than less aggressive.”

  36. The New York Times is considering ending it’s print edition partly due to
  [A] the pressure form its investors
  [B] the complaints from its readers
  [C] the high cost of operation
  [D] the increasing online ad sales.

  【解析】细节题。题干问的是《纽约时报》考虑中止纸质版新闻印刷出书的原因是什么。文章首段首句便是此内容的同义表达,第二段解说具体原因,第二句:The infrastructure...isn’t just expensive; it’s excessive at a time when online-only competitors don’t have the same set of financial constraints. 意思是纸质印刷所要求的根底设施不只仅贵并且剩余,由于他们的网络竞赛对手没有这样的经济上的约束。[C]项“运转的高本钱”是对原文内容的总结,故正确。[A]项 来自于出资者的压力,[B]项 来自于读者的投诉,[D]项 网络广告出售的添加,这三项在文中均未提及,故扫除。

  37.Peretti suggests that.in face of the present situation, the Times should
  [A] make strategic adjustments
  [B] end the print edition for good
  [C] seek new sources of readership
  [D] aim for efficient management

  【解析】细节题。题干问的是:面对现在的局势,Peretti主张《纽约时报》怎么做。依据信号词Peretti回原文中定位至第四段,首句内容是Peretti说《纽约时报》不应浪费时刻去想着怎么中止纸质印刷,而应该找到一种正确的办法去处理这件事。接着第二句Peretti说找到一种办法来促进这种改动会对他们来说有用途。可知Peretti以为《纽约时报》应当做出一些改动而非中止纸质版的发行,[A]项“做出战略上的调整”是对原文的同义转述,故正确。[B]项 永久完毕纸质版,与原辞意思相反,故扫除;[C]项 寻求新的读者资源,[D]项 以高效的办理为方针,在原文中未提及,故扫除。

  38.It can be inferred front Paragraphs 5 and 6 that a “legacy product”
  [A] will have the cost of printing reduced.
  [B] is meant for the most loyal customers.
  [C] helps restore the glory of former times.
  [D] expands the popularity of the paper.

  【解析】题干意思为:从第五、六段能够揣度出“传承产品”     。依据信号词legacy product定位到第五段最终一句:I would raise prices and make it into more of a legacy product.不只需进步价格还要将它变为一种留传品。单单这一句不足以做出挑选,需求持续往下看在第六段中有没有关于这个词的解说。第六段最初说到了他以为大部分忠诚的顾客依旧会坚持购买他们喜爱的产品,并且他们会以为是在协助保持他们所信赖的产品的质量。可见Peretti以为忠诚的购买者不会有改动,假如能够每年添加一些份额,那么依旧是能够创收的。紧接着呈现了in other worlds(换句话说),假如咱们要做这些print product(印刷产品),那就为那些现已痴迷于他们的人而做吧。[B]项“是为大都忠诚的顾客规划的”,是对原文内容的同义替换,为正确答案。[A]项 会下降印刷本钱,[C]项 重建以往的荣耀,[D]项 扩展报纸的受欢迎程度,这三项均在文中未提及,故扫除。

  39. Peretti believes that in a changing world,
  [A] traditional luxuries can stay unaffected.
  [B] aggressiveness better meets challenges.
  [C] cautiousness facilitates problem-solving.
  [D] legacy businesses are becoming outdated.

  【解析】题干以为:Peretti以为,在一个改变的国际里     。依据信号词Peretti和changing world可回文中定位到文章最终一段,由最终一段可知Peretti以为在商场在改变、国际在改变的状况中,更有进取心是更好的。[B]项“进取精神能够更好地迎接应战”,本项是对原文的同义转述,故正确。[A]项 传统的奢侈品不会遭到影响,在文中未提及,故扫除;[C]项 慎重当心促进问题的处理,与原辞意思相反,故扫除;[D]项 传统产业正在变得过期,在文中未提及,故扫除。

  40 . Which of the following would be the best title of the text
  [A] Make Your Print Newspaper a Luxury Good
  [B] Keep Your Newspaper Forever in Fashion
  [C] Cherish the Newspaper Still in Your Hand
  [D] Shift to Online Newspapers All at Once

  【解析】全文由《纽约时报》纸质版终有一天会面对关闭的危机引出论题,要点论说Peretti对此问题的观点:《纽约时报》纸质版应该考虑转型——为大部分忠诚的顾客供给留传品。后边接着论说了怎么将《纽约时报》做成这种专为忠诚的顾客制造的高价留传品。[A]项“将你的印刷报纸做成一个奢侈品”,a luxury good是对原文中说到的高价“legacy product”的同义转述,故正确。B.始终保持你的报纸时髦前沿,[C]项 爱惜你手中依然具有的报纸,[D]项 马上转向网络在线报纸,均不是本文要的宗旨,故扫除。

  Part B
  Read the following text and answer the questions by choosing the most suitable subheading from the list A-G for each of the numbered paragraphs(41-45). There are two extra subheadings. Mark your answers on the ANSWER SHEET.

  [A] Create a new image of yourself

      [B] Decide if the time is right

      [C] Have confidence in yourself

      [D] Understand the context

      [E] Work with professionals

      [F] Know your goals

      [G] Make it efficient

  No matter how formal or informal the work environment, the way you present yourself has an impact. This is especially true in fast impressions. According to research from Princeton University, people assess your competence, trustworthiness, and likeability in just a tenth of a second, solely based on the way you look.
  The difference between today’s workplace and the “dress for success” era is that the range of options is so much broader. Norms have evolved and fragmented. In some settings, red sneakers or dress T-shirts can convey status; in others not so much. Plus, whatever image we present is magnified by social-media services like LinkedIn. Chances are, your headshots are seen much more often now than a decade or two ago. Millennials, it seems , face the paradox of being the least formal generation yet the most conscious of style and personal branding. It can be confusing.
  So how do we navigate this? How do we know when to invest in an upgrade? And what’s the best way to pull off one that enhances our goals? Here are some tips:

  As an executive coach, I’ve seen image upgrades be particularly helpful during transitions-when looking for a new job, stepping into a new or more public role, or changing work environments. If you’re in a period of change or just feeling stuck and in a rut, now may be a good time. If you’re not sure, ask for honest feedback from trusted friends, colleagues and professionals. Look for cues about how others perceive you. Maybe there’s no need for an upgrade and that’s OK.

  Get clear on what impact you’re hoping to have. Are you looking to refresh your image or pivot it? For one person, the goal may be to be taken more seriously and enhance their professional image. For another, it may be to be perceived as more approachable, or more modern and stylish. For someone moving from finance to advertising, maybe they want to look more “SoHo.”(It’s OK to use characterizations like that.)

  Look at your work environment like an anthropologist. What are the norms of your environment? What conveys status? Who are your most important audiences? How do the people you respect and look up to present themselves? The better you understand te cultural context, the more control you can have over your impact.

  Enlist the support of professionals and share with them your goals and context. Hire a personal stylist, or use the free styling service of a store like. Crew. Try a hair stylist instead of a barber. Work with a professional photographer instead of your spouse or friend. It’s not as expensive as you might think.

  The point of a style upgrade isn’t to become more vain or to spend more time excessing over what to wear. Instead, use it as an opportunity to reduce decision fatigue. Pick a standard work uniform or a few go-to options. Buy all your clothes …. once with a stylist instead of shopping alone, one article of clothing at a time.

  Part C
  Read the following text carefully and then translate the underlined segments into Chinese .You translation should be written neatly on the ANSWER SHEKT. (10 points)

  Mental health is our birthright. (46) We don’t have to learn how to be mentally healthy ;it it built into us that our bodies know how to heal a cut or mend a broken bone. Mental health can’t be learned, only reawakened. It is like the immune system of the body, which under stress or through lack of nutrition or exercise can be weakened, but which never leaves us. When we don't understand the value of mental health and we don't know how to gain access to it, mental health will remain hidden from us. (47) Our mental health doesn’t really go anywhere; like the sun behind a cloud, it can be temporarily hidden from view, but it is fully capable of being restored in an instant.

  Mental health is the seed that contains self-esteem - confidence in ourselves and an ability to trust in our common sense. It allows us to have perspective on our lives - the ability to not take ourselves too seriously, to laugh at ourselves, to see the bigger picture, and to see that things will work out. It’s a form of innate or unlearned optimism. (48) Mental health allows us to view others with sympathy if they are having troubles ,with kindness if they are in pain,and with unconditional love no matter who they are. Mental health is the source of creativity for soving problems, resolving conflict, making our surroundings more beautiful,managing our home life, or coming up with a creative business idea or invention to make our lives easier. It gives us patience for ourselves and toward others as well as patience while driving,catching a fish,working on our car,or raising a child. It allows us to see the beauty that surrounds us each moment in nature,in culture,in the flow of our daily lives.

  (49) Although mental health is the cure-all for living our lives,it is perfectly ordinary as you will see that it has been there to direct you through all your difficult decisions.It has been available even in the most mundane of life situations to show you right from wrong,good from bad,friend from foe.Mental health has commonly been called conscience,instinct,wisdom,common sense,or the inner voice.We think of it simply as a healthy and helpful flow of intelligent thought .(50) As you will come to see ,knowing that mental heath is always available and knowing to trust it allow us to slow down to the moment and live life happily.

  46. We don’t have to learn how to be mentally healthy; it is built into us in the same way that our bodies know how to heal a cut or mend a broken bone.
  【语句结构】此句中分号衔接了两个并排句。榜首个语句中how to be mentally healthy作learn的宾语。第二个语句骨干是it is built into us,in the same way引导状语从句阐明built into us的办法,that引导定语从句润饰way,其间定语从句中how to heal a cut or mend a broken bone作know的宾语。

  47. Our mental health doesn’t really go anywhere; like the sun behind a cloud, it can be temporarily hidden from view, but it is fully capable of being restored in an instant.
  【语句结构】此句中分号衔接了两个并排句。榜首个语句是简单句,第二个语句中,like the sun behind a cloud是状语,but衔接两个转机联络的并排分句,在翻译时要留意be hidden from和be capable of的被动语态的翻译办法。

  48. Mental health allows us to view others with sympathy if they are having troubles, with kindness if they are in pain, and with unconditional love no matter who they are.
  【语句结构】该句骨干是Mental health allows us to view others,三个并排with引导的介词短语做状语,前两个with引导的状语中各包含一个if引导的条件状语从句,最终一个with状语中包含一个no matter引导的退让状语从句。

  49. Although mental health is the cure-all for living our lives, it is perfectly ordinary as you will see that it has been there to direct you through all your difficult decisions.
  【语句结构】本题有一个由although引导的退让状语从句,as引导的原因状语从句,以及that引导的宾语从句构成。此处“mental health”若是翻译成心理健康与下文衔接,则不契合中文表达习气,又因mental自身与智力相关,所以将其翻译成“健康的心智”;此外“perfectly ordinary”能够正译,译为“十分遍及”,本译文采纳正话反说的办法,译为“并不稀罕”。“difficult decisions”若翻译为“困难的决议”,不契合中文的表达办法,所以将decision,名词译为动词“做决议”。

  50. As you will come to see, knowing that mental health is always available and knowing to trust it allow us to slow down to the moment and live life happily.

  Section III    Writing

  Part A
  Suppose you are a librarian in your university. Write a notice of about 100 words, providing the newly-enrolled international students with relevant information about the library.
  You should write neatly on the ANWSER SHEET.
  Do not sign you own name at the end of the letter, use “Li Ming ” instead.
  Do not write the address .(10 points)

  August 20, 2015
  To ensure students from overseas to be acquainted with the service of library in Beijing University, we write this notice to inform you of some relevant information about our library.
  To begin with, our library provides a large amount of books and materials covering not only most majors and subjects, but also many extra-curricular reading materials, thus satisfying all your reading requirements. Furthermore, the library opens during the week time, each day from 9:00am to10:00pm. Last but not least, only students enrolled in this university and with a special Library Card are allowed to enter our library.
  Anyone interested in studying or reading in our library should sign up before August 31, and the Library Card will be issued within a week.
  Library of Beijing University

  Suppose you are a librarian in your university. Write a notice of about 100 words, providing the newly-enrolled international students with relevant information about the library.
  小作文,即A节作文的评分侧要点在于:1. 格局和语域的恰当性;2. 信息点的覆盖面;3. 内容的安排;4. 言语的准确性。

  4、落款,落款即发布告诉的单位,此处需求特别留意,依据题意图要求,考生是代表图书馆写的告诉,所以落款应该是某某图书馆,而非Li Ming自己。

  Part B
  Write an essay of 160—200 words based on the following picture.in your essay, you should
  1. describe the pictures briefly,
  2. interpret its intended meaning, and
  3. give your comments.
  You should write neatly on ANSWER SHEET . (20 points)

  What is symbolically depicted in the caricatures carries sharp contrast implications. In the first drawing, a father is watching a football match on the sofa. Meanwhile, he is supervising his son to finish homework. It is obvious that his son wears frowned expression on his face. On the contrary, the second portrayal depicts a father is working earnestly besides his son, and his son is doing his own assignment without prodding.
  The drawer demonstrates that utmost significance should be attached to the phenomenon that setting proper examples has exerted great impact on the growth of the younger generation in China. Previously, it is widely acknowledged that parents are under obligation to help their kids form a set of appropriate values about the world and the life, which carries overwhelmingly precious connotation to the sound development on the younger generation. Simultaneously, there is no denying that the most rational method for adults to educate adolescents is to set them good examples rather than making perpetual requirements, which is less persuasive compared with the actions.
  Accordingly, it is vital for us to derive positive implication from the drawings. On the one hand, we can frequently use them to enlighten parents to be more advisable in educating their children. On the other hand, parents should attach more emphasis on setting excellent models for their juveniles. Only in this way, can we effectively ensure a promising prospect for adolescents.


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